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Ingredient Substitution Chart

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IngredientSubstitute with
allspiceFor 1 teaspoon allspice:

1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
1/2 teaspoon cloves
almond extractFor 1 teaspoon almond extract:

1 teaspoon amaretto
amarettoFor 1 teaspoon amaretto:

1 teaspoon almond extract

This mainly works for cooking, and not for most mixed drinks.
Anaheim peppersFor 1 whole Anaheim peppers:

1 whole Poblano peppers
aniseFor 1 part anise:

1 part cardamom
anise seedFor 1 teaspoon anise seed:

1 teaspoon caraway seeds
balsamic vinegarFor 1 tablespoon balsamic vinegar:

1 tablespoon cider vinegar
beef brothFor 1 cup beef broth:

1 cup water
1 whole beef bouillon cubes

Dissolve cube in boiling water.
bok choyFor 1 stalk bok choy:

1 stalk celery
bread flourFor 1 cup bread flour:

1 cup all-purpose flour
2 teaspoon gluten

For when making bread.
brieFor 1 ounce brie:

1 ounce camembert cheese
brown sugarFor 1 cup brown sugar:

1 cup sugar
2 tablespoon molasses
bulgurFor 1 cup bulgur:

1 cup couscous
butterFor 1 tablespoon butter:

1 tablespoon margarine
buttermilkFor 1 cup buttermilk:

1 1/2 tablespoon lemon juice
1 cup milk

Stir well, and allow the mixture to set for a bit and thicken.
camembert cheeseFor 1 ounce camembert cheese:

1 ounce brie
capersFor 1 tablespoon capers:

1 tablespoon olives
caraway seedsFor 1 teaspoon caraway seeds:

1 teaspoon anise seed
cayenne pepperFor 1 teaspoon cayenne pepper:

1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper sauce
celery saltFor 1 tablespoon celery salt:

3/4 tablespoon salt
1/4 tablespoon celery seed
chervilFor 1 part chervil:

1 part tarragon
chicken brothFor 1 cup chicken broth:

1 cup water
1 whole chicken bouillon cubes

Dissolve cube in boiling water.
cider vinegarFor 1 cup cider vinegar:

1 cup white vinegar
cinnamonFor 1 teaspoon cinnamon:

1/2 teaspoon allspice
clovesFor 1 part cloves:

1 part allspice
coconut milkFor 2 cup coconut milk:

2 1/2 cup water
2 cup coconut

Combine the water and shredded coconut, and bring to a boil. Remove from the heat and place in a blender, mixing for 2 minutes. Strain.
confectioner's sugarFor 1 cup confectioner's sugar:

3/4 cup sugar
coriander seedFor 1 teaspoon coriander seed:

1 teaspoon fennel seeds
corn oilFor 1 tablespoon corn oil:

1 tablespoon canola oil
corn syrupFor 1 cup corn syrup:

1 cup sugar
1/4 cup water
cornstarchFor 1 tablespoon cornstarch:

2 tablespoon all-purpose flour

For thickening.
cottage cheeseFor 1 cup cottage cheese:

1 cup ricotta cheese
cream cheeseFor 1/4 cup cream cheese:

1/4 cup Neufchatel cheese
cream of tartarFor 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar:

1 1/2 teaspoon lemon juice
creme de mentheFor 1 part creme de menthe:

1 part spearmint extract

Mix with a little water. Use a few drops of green food coloring if you want the green color. This substitution won't work with mixed drinks.
Creole seasoningFor 1 tablespoon Creole seasoning:

3/4 teaspoon paprika
1/4 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon garlic powder
1/4 teaspoon basil
1/4 teaspoon oregano
1/8 teaspoon black pepper
1/8 teaspoon thyme
1/8 teaspoon cayenne pepper
1/8 teaspoon white pepper
1/4 teaspoon onion powder
cuminFor 1/2 teaspoon cumin:

1/2 teaspoon chili powder

Mainly for Mexican and Southwestern (US) dishes.
curry powderFor 2 tablespoon curry powder:

1 teaspoon cumin
1 teaspoon turmeric
1 teaspoon cayenne pepper
1 teaspoon ginger
1 teaspoon cardamom
1 teaspoon coriander seed

Use all ground ingredients.
Dijon mustardFor 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard:

1 pinch sugar
1 teaspoon water
1 tablespoon mayonnaise
1 tablespoon mustard powder
1 teaspoon wine vinegar

Combine all ingredients.
egg substitute, liquidFor 1/4 cup egg substitute, liquid:

1 whole egg(s)
egg(s)For 1 whole egg(s):

1/4 cup egg substitute, liquid
evaporated milkFor 1 part evaporated milk:

1 part light cream
fennel seedsFor 1 part fennel seeds:

1 part anise seed
fettuccineFor 1 pound fettuccine:

1 pound linguini
five-spice powderFor 5 teaspoon five-spice powder:

1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon cloves
1 teaspoon peppercorn
1 teaspoon anise seed
1 teaspoon fennel seeds

Ground Szechuan peppercorns are preferred but you can use ground black peppercorns instead.
garam masalaFor 1 teaspoon garam masala:

1 teaspoon cumin
1/4 teaspoon allspice
garlic saltFor 1 tablespoon garlic salt:

1/2 clove garlic
goat cheeseFor 1 ounce goat cheese:

1 ounce feta cheese
gorgonzola cheeseFor 1 ounce gorgonzola cheese:

1 ounce bleu cheese
green onionsFor 1 part green onions:

1 part shallots
Gruyere cheeseFor 1 ounce Gruyere cheese:

1 ounce fontina cheese
half-and-halfFor 1/2 cup half-and-half:

1/2 cup light cream
heavy creamFor 1/2 cup heavy cream:

1/2 cup light cream
honeyFor 1 cup honey:

1 1/4 cup sugar
1/2 cup water
hot pepper sauceFor 1 tablespoon hot pepper sauce:

1 tablespoon cayenne pepper sauce
iceberg lettuceFor 1 part iceberg lettuce:

1 part Romaine lettuce
Italian seasoningFor 1 teaspoon Italian seasoning:

1/4 teaspoon basil
1/4 teaspoon oregano
1/4 teaspoon thyme
1/4 teaspoon marjoram
kosher saltFor 1 teaspoon kosher salt:

1 teaspoon salt
lardFor 1/4 cup lard:

1/4 cup vegetable shortening

This works mainly for baking, but not frying.
leeksFor 1 part leeks:

1 part shallots
lemon juiceFor 1 tablespoon lemon juice:

1/2 tablespoon white vinegar
lemon pepperFor 1 tablespoon lemon pepper:

1/4 tablespoon onions
1 tablespoon black pepper
1/4 tablespoon thyme
1 teaspoon lemon zest

Use dried thyme and dried, minced onion. Store in an airtight container.
lemon zestFor 1 teaspoon lemon zest:

2 tablespoon lemon juice
light creamFor 1/4 cup light cream:

1/4 cup half-and-half
lime juiceFor 1 tablespoon lime juice:

1 tablespoon lemon juice
linguiniFor 1 pound linguini:

1 pound fettuccine
manchego cheeseFor 1 ounce manchego cheese:

1 ounce provolone cheese
margarineFor 1 tablespoon margarine:

1 tablespoon butter
marjoramFor 1 part marjoram:

1 part thyme
Marsala wineFor 1/4 cup Marsala wine:

1/4 cup Madeira wine
mascarponeFor 1 cup mascarpone:

4 tablespoon butter
3/4 cup cream cheese
3 tablespoon heavy cream

Combine all ingredients.
mayonnaiseFor 1/4 cup mayonnaise:

1/4 cup yogurt

Works in most recipes.
milkFor 1 cup milk:

1/2 cup water
1/2 cup evaporated milk
Neufchatel cheeseFor 1 ounce Neufchatel cheese:

1 ounce cream cheese
paprikaFor 1 teaspoon paprika:

1/3 teaspoon cayenne pepper

Be careful! Cayenne pepper is much hotter than paprika.
parmesan cheeseFor 1/4 cup parmesan cheese:

1/4 cup romano cheese
penneFor 1 pound penne:

1 pound rigatoni
pinto beansFor 1/2 cup pinto beans:

1/2 cup kidney beans
Poblano peppersFor 1 whole Poblano peppers:

1 whole Anaheim peppers
poultry seasoningFor 5 teaspoon poultry seasoning:

1 teaspoon thyme
1 teaspoon marjoram
1 teaspoon celery seed
1 teaspoon sage
1 teaspoon savory
rice vinegarFor 1/4 cup rice vinegar:

1/4 cup wine vinegar
ricotta cheeseFor 1/2 cup ricotta cheese:

1/2 cup cottage cheese
romano cheeseFor 1 ounce romano cheese:

1 ounce parmesan cheese
rosemaryFor 1 part rosemary:

1 part tarragon
saffronFor 1/4 teaspoon saffron:

1/4 teaspoon turmeric

For color only.
sageFor 1 teaspoon sage:

1 teaspoon marjoram
savoryFor 1 teaspoon savory:

1 teaspoon thyme
scallionsFor 1 part scallions:

1 part shallots
sea saltFor 1 teaspoon sea salt:

1 teaspoon kosher salt
shallotsFor 1 part shallots:

1 part green onions
sherryFor 1/4 cup sherry:

1/4 cup vermouth
sherry vinegarFor 1/4 cup sherry vinegar:

1/4 cup balsamic vinegar
simple syrupFor 1 cup simple syrup:

2 cup sugar
1 cup water

Bring water to a boil and dissolve the sugar in the water. Allow to cool before using.
spearmint extractFor 1 part spearmint extract:

2 part creme de menthe

Adjust to taste.
sugarFor 1 cup sugar:

1 cup corn syrup

Reduce liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup.
tarragonFor 1 teaspoon tarragon:

1 teaspoon chervil
tomato juiceFor 1 cup tomato juice:

1/2 cup water
1/2 cup tomato sauce
tomato ketchupFor 1 cup tomato ketchup:

1/2 cup sugar
2 tablespoon white vinegar
1 cup tomato sauce
tomato pasteFor 1/2 cup tomato paste:

1 cup tomato sauce

Cook tomato sauce to reduce by half.
tomato soupFor 10 3/4 ounce tomato soup:

1/4 cup water
1 cup tomato sauce
tortillasFor 1 whole tortillas:

1 whole taco shells
turmericFor 1 teaspoon turmeric:

1 teaspoon curry powder
vanilla ice creamFor 1 part vanilla ice cream:

1 part frozen yogurt
vegetable oilFor 1 tablespoon vegetable oil:

1 tablespoon soybean oil
vegetable shorteningFor 1 part vegetable shortening:

1 part lard
vermouthFor 1/4 cup vermouth:

1/4 cup white wine
Worcestershire sauceFor 1 tablespoon Worcestershire sauce:

1 tablespoon steak sauce
yellow bell pepperFor 1 whole yellow bell pepper:

1 whole red bell pepper
yogurtFor 1/4 cup yogurt:

1/4 cup buttermilk
zitiFor 1 pound ziti:

1 pound penne


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